Detroit Southern / Iron Railway 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 80 (Locobase 12342)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 24, p. 264. Works numbers were 23440, 23452 in December 1912; 23517 and 23566-23567 in January 1904.

The December engines were originally intended for the Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville, but were diverted to the Detroit Southern.


Class 85 (Locobase 12343)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 27, p. 194. Works numbers were 25036-25037 in January 1905 and 25080 in February.

These were duplicates of the earlier batch of five shown in Locobase 12342 rolling on smaller drivers in a purely freight role. Like the others, they retained their road numbers when the DS was reorganized as the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton in 1905.


Class John Campbell (Locobase 12139)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 19, p. 200. Works number was 14206 in January 1895. See also William C Pletz, "The Railroad That Went No Place (but eventually made it)", Ann Arbor Train & Trolley Watchers, 1979 as hosted on the Michigan Railroads site at http://www.michiganrailroads.com/RRHX/Stories/DT&I-TheRailroadThatWentNoPlacePart1.htm.

The I Rwy was taken up by the Detroit Southern on 25 September 1902, when the engine was renumbered as 64 . After the DS entered receivership in 1904, the line emerged in 1905 as the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class8085John Campbell
Locobase ID12342 12343 12139
RailroadDetroit Southern (DT&I)Detroit Southern (DT&I)Iron Railway (DT&I)
CountryUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class531
Road Numbers80-8485-8710
GaugeStdStdStd
Number Built531
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year190319051894
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.25'14.25'11.75'
Engine Wheelbase24.25'24.25'22.08'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59 0.59 0.53
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)51.67'51.67'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers111500 lbs111500 lbs78000 lbs
Engine Weight140000 lbs140000 lbs100000 lbs
Tender Light Weight100000 lbs100000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight240000 lbs240000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals5000 gals3000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)12 tons12 tons tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)62 lb/yard62 lb/yard43 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter62"56"54"
Boiler Pressure180 psi180 psi160 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)19" x 26"19" x 26"17" x 24"
Tractive Effort23162 lbs25644 lbs17468 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.81 4.35 4.47
Heating Ability
Firebox Area175.50 sq. ft175.50 sq. ft120.10 sq. ft
Grate Area24.70 sq. ft24.70 sq. ft23.40 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2340 sq. ft2340 sq. ft1815 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2340 sq. ft2340 sq. ft1815 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume274.26274.26287.87
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation444644463744
Same as above plus superheater percentage444644463744
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area315903159019216
Power L1701463355517
Power MT416.05375.77467.80

Reference


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