Elgin, Joliet & Eastern 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 10 /450 (Locobase 7293)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Grant works numbers were 1775-1779 in 1888.

These Grants appear only in the diagram book, not the various Locomotive Data books from this same railroad. The EHS is said to reflect only the tube heating surface, but a straight calculation of the tube heating surface yields 72 sq ft less than the figure givenin the diagrams. Yet even in 1888, a firebox that small in a Ten-wheeler seems unlikely given that its minimum depth was 72".

All we can see is that the engines had a relatively large gap between the 2nd and 3rd driven axles to accommodate the firebox and that the driver diameter bespeaks a mixed-traffic service.

Class 32 (Locobase 12043)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 18, p 63. Works number was 12962 in September 1892

A long-stroke Vauclain compound Ten-wheeler, this was the only engine in its class. In 1906, the EJ & E sold the 32 to the Saint Paul & Des Moines, which renumbered it 62. The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific bought the StP & DM in 1911 and changed its name to St Paul & Kansas City Short Line.

It was only then that the 62 was rebuilt with 18" x 26" cylinders and 63" drivers. the Rock Island took the engine onto its own stud and renumberd it 1163.

Class 457 (Locobase 7294)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Grant works numbers were 1810-1815 in 1893.

Five years after the EJ & E Ten-wheelers shown in Locobase 7293 came from little-known Grant Locomotive Works, a Paterson, NJ builder, that same small company supplied 5 more with 20 more fire tubes. The diagram shows only the tube heating surface and notes that they were discarded on 2-20-1916.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class10 /45032457
Locobase ID7293 12,043 7294
RailroadElgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)
Number in Class515
Road Numbers10-14 / 450-45432457-461
Number Built515
BuilderGrantBurnham, Williams & CoGrant
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)15.5015.5015.50
Engine Wheelbase (ft)26.1726.6726.17
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59 0.58 0.59
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)48.3348
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)88,00084,80085,300
Engine Weight (lbs)119,500117,000117,900
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)74,10074,100
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)193,600192,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)360036003600
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)1010
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)494747
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)646263
Boiler Pressure (psi)160180165
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)19" x 26"12.5" x 26"18" x 26"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)21" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)19,94514,80518,753
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.41 5.73 4.55
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)78137
Grate Area (sq ft)18.4018.3018.29
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)146716791542
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)146716791542
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume171.94454.65201.37
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation294432943018
Same as above plus superheater percentage294432943018
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area12,48024,660
Power L137154219
Power MT279.21329.06


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