The Escambia was the railroad that served the Alger Sullivan Lumber Company of Century, Fla on a line laid with 45 lb/yard (22.5 kg/metre) rail that ran 100 miles from Fowler in southern Alabama to the Century sawmill. Another 200 miles of temporary track opened up thousands of acres of timber.
These logging Ten-wheelers were wood-burners that had traditional Radley & Hunter spark-arresting cabbage stacks and 3 1/2 cords of wood in the tenders. The specs also called for engine frames of "extra heavy section for rough track." (The 103, which had a new Baldwin stack design and Walschaert gear, appears in Locobase 16013.)
According to Simmons, a typical train would consist of a single engine pulling 24-30 log cars and trailed by a caboose. He describes a typical run:"The log cars were connected by long timbers with link and pin couplers on each end. Only the engine had brakes. Since grading and embankments were kept to an absolute minimum, the rails tended to run up one hill and down the next. At 50 mph [!], it made for a very exciting ride."
He also notes that the country through which the trains passed was "virtual wilderness" and that the Escambia provided a lifeline for the settlements that began to appear.
Most of the timberland had been cut over by 1922 and the Escambia began a long decline that ended in its abandonment in 1942.
The railroad operated freight and passenger service and finally closed in 1942.
Almost eight years (and a World War) after purchasing the two Ten-wheelers shown in Locobase 13953, the Escambia ordered a third wood-burner. There were some changes, most notably the adoption of outside radial valve gear in place of the link motion, an increase in weight, and the updated Rushton Improved spark-arresting stack. Like the earlier engines, the 107's tender held 3 1/2 cords of wood and had engine frames that were to be of "extra heavy section for rough track."
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Number in Class||2||1|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.52||0.52|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||49.17'||49.51'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)|
|Weight on Drivers||88000 lbs||90000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||113000 lbs||116000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||80000 lbs||80000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||193000 lbs||196000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||4000 gals||4000 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||49 lb/yard||50 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||180 psi||180 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||18" x 24"||18" x 24"|
|Tractive Effort||22448 lbs||22448 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.92||4.01|
|Firebox Area||138 sq. ft||138 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||22.20 sq. ft||22.20 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||1627 sq. ft||1627 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||1627 sq. ft||1627 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||230.17||230.17|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||3996||3996|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||3996||3996|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||24840||24840|