When the Hilo returned to Baldwin for another Ten-wheeler, it ordered one with the driver diameter of the 1899 locomotive (Locobase 12374) and the cylinder dimensions and boiler size of the 1902 engine (Locobase 12590). Unlike either of the others, it bore only a number. 191 joined the railroad a year later.
All remained in service on the Big Island until they scrapped in 1947 after the 1 April 1946 tsunami swept along eastern side of Hawai'i and demolished much of the Hilo's successor's infrastructure. See Locobase 12374 for details on this disaster.
Not long after the Hilo took delivery of the wood-burner shown in Locobase 12374, the railroad returned to Baldwin for a bigger engine that burned soft coal. The specs provide tonnage ratings for the Kilauea:
Grade Trailing load in short tons
1 % 575
1.5 % 400
2 % 300
2.5 % 225
3 % 190
3.5 % 150
Unlike many of the locomotives that found their way to the Hawaiian Islands in the late 19th-Century, this wood-burning Ten-wheeler had the orthodox mission of supporting common-carrier operations on standard-gauge, 60 lb/yard (30 kg/metre) rail laid on the Big Island. (At the same time, Baldwin produced a smaller 0-4-2T engine that later acquired a tender.)
The first eight miles linked the port of Waiakea to the Ola'a sugar mill and the seventeen-mile long extension to Kapoho served the Puna Sugar Company. But the railroad's long history included regular freight and passenger service along a considerable stretch of line.
The Report of the Governor of Hawaii in 1908 spoke of the many benefits of this railroad:
"The road has done much for the development of this regionù at first in sugar production, and now also in pineapple, rubber, and lumber production."
After detailing the expansion of lumber production and export, the report noted that a new 2-mile extension would allow the hauling of rock to help build the Hilo breakwater. The company owns a covered-pier wharf 800 feet long and 100 feet wide on Hilo Bay, but until considerable dredging is done only vessels of less than 20 feet draft can lie at the wharf. Freight is lightered to the larger vessels."
By way of summary the report noted: "This road carried 62,885 passengers and 62,843 tons of freight during the last year."p. 354. (Reports of the Department of the Interior, Volume 2, US Government Printing Office,1908)
A 35-mile extension north through very difficult terrain to Hamakua cost far more than had been estimated and the Hilo went into receivership just as it was completed. It emerged as the Hawaiian Consolidated Railway. For the continued history of the HCR, see Locobase 14754.
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Hilo RR||Hilo RR||Hilo RR|
|Number in Class||2||1||1|
|Road Numbers||108, 191-192||3||99|
|Builder||Burnham, Williams & Co||Burnham, Williams & Co||Burnham, Williams & Co|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.53||0.53||0.50|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||44.58'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)|
|Weight on Drivers||82000 lbs||85000 lbs||66000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||106000 lbs||108000 lbs||86000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||60000 lbs||75000 lbs||62000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||166000 lbs||183000 lbs||148000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||3000 gals||4000 gals||3000 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)||1000 gals||gals||gals|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||46 lb/yard||47 lb/yard||37 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||180 psi||160 psi||180 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||17" x 24"||17" x 24"||16" x 24"|
|Tractive Effort||18950 lbs||18866 lbs||16786 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||4.33||4.51||3.93|
|Firebox Area||111.10 sq. ft||120.60 sq. ft||123.20 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||19.70 sq. ft||23.40 sq. ft||19.70 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||1371 sq. ft||1816 sq. ft||1255 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||1371 sq. ft||1816 sq. ft||1255 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||217.45||288.03||224.71|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||3546||3744||3546|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||3546||3744||3546|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||19998||19296||22176|