Kansas City Southern / Kansas City, Nevada & Gulf / Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 200 (Locobase 6633)

Data from 1919 MD & G locomotive diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Locobase suspects that it may never know the weights of the MD & G locomotives -- a small thing, but frustrating nevertheless. The USRA was stumped about the year this locomotive was built, but the clues suggest 1880s or even earlier. The turned caps on the two domes, one of which is positioned just ahead of the cab, the low boiler pressure, small heating surface, and general layout point to such a provenance.

The 2 1/2" diameter for the tubes is given in the drawing; Locobase suspects the figure should actually have been 2 1/4", a size Baldwin adopted before other builders.


Class 201 (Locobase 6634)

Data from 1919 MD & G locomotive diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 14655-14664 in January 1896.

This batch of 10 Ten-wheelers served the Trans-Mississippi South under several heralds. Procured by the KC, P & G, the class passed into the Kansas City Southern as their 320-239 in 1900. Over the next 10 years or more, the 10 locomotives would be sold off to several railroads, lumber companies, and construction companies.

By 1910, the KCS has sold the 320 to the Memphis, Dallas & Gulf as their 201. After more than a decade, the MD & G sold it to the Graysonia, Nashville & Ashdown. The 328 went to the MD & G at the same time as their 202.


Class D (Locobase 6834)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Like so many other KCS locomotives of the time, these were small for their arrangement. In particular, their grates constrained the boiler's ability to make steam. Manchester supplied a set of very similar Ten-wheelers to the Bangor & Aroostook a couple of years earlier; see Locobase 6005.


Class D-1 (Locobase 6835)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 18, p. 123. Works numbers were 13149, 13154, 13723, and 13724 in January 1893.

A year after the relatively weak Mogul design was delivered to the KCS, Baldwin produced these four small Ten-wheelers. Unlike most of the 4-6-0s of the day, this design had a relatively large firebox and grate to produce a surfeit of steam for the small cylinders.

Locobase had wondered about the short wheelbase and supposed that the 1908 diagram was somehow mistaken in showing 11' 4"--5' 4" between the first two axles and 6' as the spacing between the middle and rear axles. But the original specs confirmed the wheelbases.

They were scrapped in 1911-1912, their short careers presumably due to their relatively small overall size and cylinder volume.


Class D-2 (Locobase 6836)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Like most of the other KCS locomotives of the 19th Century, this single Ten-wheeler, which Locobase suspects came from a predecessor road, was one of the smallest of its arrangement at the time.


Class D-3 (Locobase 6838)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 20, pp. 83 and p. 267Works numbers were 14655-14664 in January 1896, 15267-15270 in April 1897.

Given the comment on Locobase 6837 about the high ratio of heating surface to grate area on KCS locomotives, it's not surprising to find such a result on this relatively numerous set of freight Ten-wheelers. Clearly based on the Moguls that arrived from the same builder in the same year, this class added an axle to the front truck. The result was a lower adhesion weight, but more boiler with longer tubes and more tube heating surface, while the direct heating surface actually dropped.

A note in the specs for the second batch (66-69) recommends Baldwin "give special attention to Boilers and to the setting of eccentric rods." Another note describes a precise calibration in the steam system: "Reverse lever with fine notches (3 tooth latch) allowing about 1 1/2" difference in piston travel to the closing of steam port for a movement of reverse lever of one notch on quadrant."

When the KC P & G was transformed into the Kansas City Southern, these locomotives were renumbered and designated class D-3.

Breaking up the KCS's D-3 class began within a few years after it was formed and the dispositions show the variety of later service for which a redundant locomotive might prove useful.. When the Memphis, Paris & Gulf was constructed in 1905, it acquired its motive power from several sources, including the former 328 in November 1906 (as #2) and ex-320 in February 1907 (#1). Central Coal & Coke of Kansas snapped up ex-321 in March 1913. Louisiana's Leesville East & West Railroad bought the ex-331 in November 1916.

327 was destroyed by fire in September 1908 and 330 was scrapped in October 1912 . Ex-322-324 and 333 all went to J Smith Construction in April 1910 (first 2) and December 1909 (324); ex-333's actual date is not given in Connelley. Ex-329 went to Nona Mills in February 1913, ex-326 was sold to Louisiana Sand & Gravel in June and Ex-325 left in February 1914 to serve Tremont Lumber.


Class D-4 (Locobase 6839)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Given the comment on Locobase 6837 about the high ratio of heating surface to grate area on KC, P & G locomotives, Locobase must acknowledge that some classes didn't fit the pattern. This set of passenger Ten-wheelers had relatively large grates, although total direct heating surface didn't grow proportionately. Placing the grate above the rear axles instead of between them allowed for a larger grate, although the firebox was shallower as a result.


Class D-5 (Locobase 6840)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 21, pp. 117, 279. Works numbers were 15694-15698 in January 1898; 15710-15714, 15721-15725 in February; 15897 in April; and 16274-16288 in October.

Like the earlier Schenectadies (Locobase 6839), this Baldwin Ten-wheeler design found room for its grate above the driving axles. The result was a relatively powerful locomotive with a good-sized boiler and firebox.

Most of the class served on the K C P & G and its successor Kansas City Southern until retirement, which began in 1925 and ended in 1937. In December 1916, 355 and 358 were sold to the Missouri, Oklahoma & Gulf, which then was absorbed by the KCS in February 1920. 377 was sold to Louisiana Gravel in January 1925, 351 went to Mansfield Lumber in March 1926, and 360 and 376 moved to Parker Gravel in March 1932.

370 was sold to the Memphis, Dallas & Gulf as their 203 on 28 November 1915 (as attested in the 1920 documentation of the MD&G's bankruptcy, supplied to Locobase in August 2013 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection). By the time the United States Railroad Administration came to inventory this small railroad in 1918, during its brief tenure as government operator of the rail system, 203 was still the biggest engine on the lot.


Class D-6 (Locobase 6841)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

One of the less prolific builders was the Paterson-New Jersey-based Grant Locomotive Works. Charlie Vlk emailed Wes Barris and Locobase in October 2012 with a fascinating correction concerning the builder. The actual owner of the Grant plant, which had relocated to Cicero, Ill and "promptly went bankrupt" was Siemens-Halske Electric Company of America. S-H, well-known for its electrical generating equipment, took possession of the 30 acres abandoned by Grant for its own business.

These mixed-traffic Ten-wheelers were ordered by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, but the Burlington accepted only the first two.

The rest were delivered to the KCP&G, where they were "built with the parts on hand (some with wagon-top boilers instead of Belpaire."

The KCP&G then was absorbed by the KCS system. For their time and wheel arrangement, the 400s were blessed with a relatively large grate that rode over the rear two axles. Otherwise, the boiler was about average and adhesion weight relatively low.

Vlk notes that many wound up on the Rock Island or the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern.


Class D-7 (Locobase 6845)

Data from KCS 12 - 1908 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 21580, 21593 in January 1903; 21604-21605, 21625-21626 in February; and 21780 in March.

These Ten-wheelers represented the KCS's passenger power just after the turn of the century. They were later superheated; see 6846.


Class D-7 - superheated (Locobase 6846)

Data from KCS 1942 - 2 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

When the Ten-wheelers first described in Locobase 6845 were superheated, the conversion was typical of most such upgrades. The rebuilders left the grate alone, although it was converted to oil-firing and as such didn't have a "grate area". 143 of the 2" tubes were replaced by 24 of the superheater flues (a typical exchange rate). As usual, weight climbed as well. Less usual was the retention of slide valves.

Retirements of the class began in 1939 and were completed in 1947 except for the 602, which was sold to the Texas & Northern Railway in December 1948.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class200201DD-1D-2
Locobase ID6633 6634 6834 6835 6836
RailroadKansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Nevada & Gulf (KCS)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class110841
Road Numbers20056-65 / 320-329250-2575-8/270-273274
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built110841
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoManchesterBurnham, Williams & CoBrooks
Year18961896189718931889
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase12.42'14'15'11.33'13.75'
Engine Wheelbase23.27'24.33'25.12'21.50'25.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.53 0.58 0.60 0.53 0.55
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)45'50'48.42'49.33'47.67'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers95000 lbs80000 lbs76000 lbs78000 lbs
Engine Weight123000 lbs104000 lbs99000 lbs102000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs80000 lbs71000 lbs68500 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight203000 lbs184000 lbs170000 lbs170500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity2800 gals4000 gals4000 gals4000 gals3000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8 tons10 tons tons tons7 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)053 lb/yard44 lb/yard42 lb/yard43 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter48"51.50"63"55"57"
Boiler Pressure135 psi160 psi170 psi150 psi150 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 22"19" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"
Tractive Effort17040 lbs22880 lbs17835 lbs18026 lbs17394 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.15 4.49 4.22 4.48
Heating Ability
Firebox Area105 sq. ft128.60 sq. ft137 sq. ft153 sq. ft132 sq. ft
Grate Area14.50 sq. ft17.20 sq. ft19.20 sq. ft22.20 sq. ft18.90 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1146 sq. ft1713 sq. ft1797 sq. ft1449 sq. ft1536 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1146 sq. ft1713 sq. ft1797 sq. ft1449 sq. ft1536 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume176.86217.50254.22204.99217.30
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation19582752326433302835
Same as above plus superheater percentage19582752326433302835
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1417520576232902295019800
Power L127854108626843074427
Power MT286.00518.20374.81375.38

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassD-3D-4D-5D-6D-7
Locobase ID6838 6839 6840 6841 6845
RailroadKansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf (KCS)Kansas City Southern (KCS)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class14431127
Road Numbers56-69/320-333334-337350-380400-411500-506 / 600-606
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built14431127
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoSchenectadyBurnham, Williams & CoSiemens-HalskeBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18961893189818971903
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14'12.33'14'13.50'14.50'
Engine Wheelbase24.46'22.87'24'24.25'25.33'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.54 0.58 0.56 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)48.58'51.29'53.37'50.21'53'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers95000 lbs96000 lbs112500 lbs94700 lbs116000 lbs
Engine Weight123000 lbs124000 lbs141400 lbs121300 lbs155000 lbs
Tender Light Weight80000 lbs92000 lbs85000 lbs77500 lbs105000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight203000 lbs216000 lbs226400 lbs198800 lbs260000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals4000 gals4000 gals4000 gals5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)9 tons9 tons9 tons8 tons12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)53 lb/yard53 lb/yard63 lb/yard53 lb/yard64 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter54"64.25"55"63"67"
Boiler Pressure170 psi170 psi180 psi170 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)19" x 24"19" x 26"20" x 26"19" x 24"20" x 26"
Tractive Effort23184 lbs21109 lbs28931 lbs19872 lbs26388 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.10 4.55 3.89 4.77 4.40
Heating Ability
Firebox Area140.90 sq. ft132 sq. ft163 sq. ft140 sq. ft174 sq. ft
Grate Area17.60 sq. ft27.80 sq. ft24.80 sq. ft31.50 sq. ft34.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1716 sq. ft1814 sq. ft2143 sq. ft1888 sq. ft2398 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1716 sq. ft1814 sq. ft2143 sq. ft1888 sq. ft2398 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume217.88212.61226.68239.72253.65
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation29924726446453556960
Same as above plus superheater percentage29924726446453556960
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2395322440293402380034800
Power L147025279516358667720
Power MT327.35363.69303.53409.68440.16

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassD-7 - superheated
Locobase ID6846
RailroadKansas City Southern (KCS)
CountryUSA
Whyte4-6-0
Number in Class6
Road Numbers600-605
GaugeStd
Number Built
BuilderKCS
Year
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.50'
Engine Wheelbase25.33'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)53.96'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)46000 lbs
Weight on Drivers135000 lbs
Engine Weight178500 lbs
Tender Light Weight110000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight288500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)3000 gals
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)75 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter67"
Boiler Pressure200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 26"
Tractive Effort26388 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.12
Heating Ability
Firebox Area174 sq. ft
Grate Area34.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1881 sq. ft
Superheating Surface472 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface2353 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume198.97
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation6960
Same as above plus superheater percentage8352
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area41760
Power L116534
Power MT810.03

Reference


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