Long Island 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class G52 - compound (Locobase 5709)

Data from American Engineer & Railroad Journal, Vol LXVIII, No 4 (April 1894) and DeGolyer, Vol 17, p. 200.Works numbers were 12472-12473, 12480, 12483, 12490 in February 1892.

The AERJ account compares this locomotive with the simple-expansion #138 (Locobase 5708). Charles M Jacobs, consulting engineer, found that this Vauclain compound version showed a 37.2% decrease in coal consumption and 17.2% decrease in water use. He doesn't comment on the higher boiler pressure used in the compound (180 psi vs 145 psi) and whether that difference might have affected the results. He does note that all of the runs took place in conditions "adverse to the compound engine."


Class G52 - simple (Locobase 5708)

Data from American Engineer & Railroad Journal, Vol LXVIII, No 4 (April 1894) and DeGolyer, Vol 17, p. 200. Works numbers were works numbers were 12454, 12453, 12456-12457, 12463 in February 1892.

The AERJ account compares the 138 with locomotive #145, a four-cylinder Vauclain compound shown in Locobase 5709. The table of trials shows that the safety valve on this simple-expansion engine was set at 145 psi while the compound's was set to blow at 180 psi. Wonder of wonders, the compound showed better fuel economy -- how much was related to using higher-pressure steam? The article doesn't say.


Class G53 (Locobase 2969)

Data from 1899 Brooks catalogue.

Builder info from B.Rumary, 25 Kingscombe, Gurney Slade, Radstock, BA3 4TH, ENGLAND and Jeremy Lambert as supplied by Allen Stanley in March 2004. Works #3229-3233 in June 1899

Camelback freight engine with the wide firebox (10 x 8 feet) burning fine anthracite coal. The catalogue gives the engine's rigid wheelbase as 6 feet, which implies lateral driving-axle boxes at least on the lead axle and flangeless drivers.


Class G53sd (Locobase 14455)

Data from "Classification and Description of Locomotives and Tenders", No 109-J (May 15, 1948), p 18, archived at http://kc.pennsyrr.com/motiveops/downloads/form_109j.pdf . Works numbers were 57011-57016 in 1917.

Superheated update of the original G53 shown on Locobase 2969 and delivered eighteen years later. Walschaert outside radial valve gear replaced the inside link; it operated the 12" (305 mm) piston valves.


Class G54sa (Locobase 940)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 24, p. 270 and Volume 25, p. 190. Works numbers were 18961in May 1901; 20413-20416, 20485, 20489 in May 1902; 20496, 20547-20548 in June.

Three camelback Ten-wheelers were ordered in 1901, two of which rolled on 68" drivers; these are discussed in Locobase 12271. The third was the #5 of this entry, whose 72" drivers were the size adopted by the 12 produced in 1902. As noted in 12271, the boilers on these camelbacks were quite large for the type. However, direct heating surface Clearance questions figured in the specs as well with the later cab's curves to be flattened to the same dimensions as the #5.

A few of this class were rebuilt; these were 5, 8, and 9. All were retired in the late 1920s and 1930.


Class G54sb (Locobase 12271)

Two shown in Farrington's Railroading Coast-to-Coast (1976) where bare details are given. Camelbacks with tall drivers, inside valve gear and slide valves. Much more data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 23, p. 280. Works numbers were 18962-18963 in May 1901

This passenger design had one of the biggest boilers among camelback Ten-wheelers, but its grate was mid-sided. Its axle loading attained the big leagues too, topping 41,000 per adhesive axle. The Long Island ordered 3 locomotives for 1901 delivery. One had 72" drivers and would be joined by 12 others in 1902 (see Locobase 940). The two shown in this entry had smaller drivers, possibly for more effective commuter work.

Both were rebuilt -- 7 in 1915, 6 in 1923. 6 retired first in December 1926 with 7 following in March 1928

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG52 - compoundG52 - simpleG53G53sdG54sa
Locobase ID5709 5708 2969 14455 940
RailroadLong IslandLong IslandLong IslandLong IslandLong Island
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class55615
Road Numbers142-146 / 118-122137-141/113-117123-127141-1465, 8-19
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built55615
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBrooksAlco-BrooksBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18931893189919171901
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonWalschaertStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase10.83'10.83'13'13.58'13'
Engine Wheelbase21.42'21.42'23.42'24'24.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.51 0.51 0.56 0.57 0.54
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)51.09'54.37'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)54300 lbs
Weight on Drivers78700 lbs78700 lbs115000 lbs150500 lbs124000 lbs
Engine Weight106150 lbs106150 lbs151000 lbs188800 lbs160000 lbs
Tender Light Weight67000 lbs67000 lbs90000 lbs90000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight173150 lbs173150 lbs241000 lbs278800 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3000 gals3000 gals4000 gals4000 gals5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8.5 tons8.5 tons tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)44 lb/yard44 lb/yard64 lb/yard84 lb/yard69 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter60.60"60.60"60.50"60.50"72"
Boiler Pressure180 psi145 psi180 psi200 psi200 psi
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)12" x 24"18" x 24"21" x 26"21.5" x 26"20" x 26"
Low Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 24" (2)
Tractive Effort12832 lbs15815 lbs28997 lbs33771 lbs24556 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 6.13 4.98 3.97 4.46 5.05
Heating Ability
Firebox Area126 sq. ft126 sq. ft141 sq. ft165.50 sq. ft171.20 sq. ft
Grate Area22.25 sq. ft22.25 sq. ft69.50 sq. ft65.22 sq. ft74.90 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1343 sq. ft1343 sq. ft2030 sq. ft2063 sq. ft2804 sq. ft
Superheating Surface416 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface1343 sq. ft1343 sq. ft2030 sq. ft2479 sq. ft2804 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume427.49190.00194.76188.83296.60
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation40053226125101304414980
Same as above plus superheater percentage40053226125101526114980
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2268018270253803872734240
Power L1411040884763122479291
Power MT345.40343.55273.93538.21495.56

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG54sb
Locobase ID12271
RailroadLong Island
CountryUSA
Whyte4-6-0
Number in Class2
Road Numbers6-7
GaugeStd
Number Built2
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1901
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase13'
Engine Wheelbase24.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.54
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers124000 lbs
Engine Weight160000 lbs
Tender Light Weight
Total Engine and Tender Weight
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)69 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter68"
Boiler Pressure200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 26"
Tractive Effort26000 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.77
Heating Ability
Firebox Area171.20 sq. ft
Grate Area74.90 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2804 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2804 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume296.60
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation14980
Same as above plus superheater percentage14980
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area34240
Power L18775
Power MT468.04


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