Mississippi Central 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 108 (Locobase 12806)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 28, p. 54. See also the Mississippi Rails website's entry on the MC at http://www.msrailroads.com/MSC.htm, last accessed 2 July 2011. Baldwin works numbers were 25665 in May 1905; 26733, 26740 in October; 30353 in March 1907; and 31022-31023, 31037 in July.

The MC was the name given to the Pearl & Leaf Rivers Railroad as it expanded eastward. At its full extent, the line stretched from Natchez on the Mississippi through Brookhaven to Hattiesburg. Beyond that city, the Natchez Route bent south to Pines, which lay on the road to Pascagoula on the Gulf, but the line never advanced any further. Another branch reached Tallahala to the northeast. From Natchez to Pines, the MC stretched 164 miles.

This set of Ten-wheelers were sized for freight operations. Two of the engines were sold, the 110 to Lamar Lumber Company in May 1930, the other to Jaffe-Wohl. Scrappings occurred over a long period. 109 went first in August 1926, 108 in 1927. 112 followed in February 1934. 113-114 were scrapped at the same time in December 1942.

Although it managed to survive the Great Depression, the MC's traffic declined steadily. The mid-1960s saw the siting of a new paper mill on a rival railroad and that meant the end of the MC, whose assets were bought by the Illinois Central.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID12806
RailroadMississippi Central
Number in Class7
Road Numbers108-110, 112-115
Number Built7
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.25'
Engine Wheelbase24.25'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers111500 lbs
Engine Weight140000 lbs
Tender Light Weight100000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight240000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)62 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter56"
Boiler Pressure200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)19" x 26"
Tractive Effort28493 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.91
Heating Ability
Firebox Area175.50 sq. ft
Grate Area24.70 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2340 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2340 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume274.26
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation4940
Same as above plus superheater percentage4940
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area35100
Power L17039
Power MT417.53

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