Macon, Dublin & Savannah 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 104 (Locobase 12572)

Data from Volume 24, p.115. See also Richard E Prince, Seaboard Air Line Railway: Steam Boats, Locomotives, and History (Indiana University Press, 1969), pp. 103-106. Works numbers were 19735, 19766-19767 in November; 21578 in January 1901, 21624 in February.

Remarkably, the MD & S did not actually merge with the Seaboard Air Line until 1958. The road, which began construction south from Macon in 1885 toward Savannah, reached Dublin in 1891, but never grew longer than the 92 miles (148 km) between Macon and Vidalia. The southeastern end of the track gave the railroad its nickname of The Vidalia Line.

These Ten-wheelers operated freights were the only MD & S engines to be bought new (except for one 4-4-0 in 1909).

Several other southeastern railroads would operate essentially identical locomotives; see Locobases 9349, 12824, 12839, and 12840. Locobase 8343 shows another of the same design at work in the Pacific Northwest.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID12572
RailroadMacon, Dublin & Savannah
Number in Class5
Road Numbers104-108
Number Built5
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase11.33'
Engine Wheelbase22.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.51
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers92500 lbs
Engine Weight116500 lbs
Tender Light Weight75000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight191500 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)4 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)51 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter56"
Boiler Pressure190 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)18" x 26"
Tractive Effort24294 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.81
Heating Ability
Firebox Area152 sq. ft
Grate Area22.40 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1920 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1920 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume250.73
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation4256
Same as above plus superheater percentage4256
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area28880
Power L16206
Power MT443.74

If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.