Ogdensburg & Lake Champlain / Rutland / St Lawrence & Adirondack 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 336 / F-15 (Locobase 14560)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 337. Works numbers were 2983-2985 in 1893.


Class 8/251/420/ F-13 (Locobase 14558)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 333-334. Works numbers were 4932-4933 in 1898.

This pair of Ten-wheelers bore the heralds of several New York Central-related railroads. Starting on the StL&A, the engines were soon bought by the Central Vermont and later served the Rutland. Ultimately, they received the NYC's own F-13 designation.


Class F-11 (Locobase 14556)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 333-334. Works numbers were 26626-26627, 26576-26577, 26628-26631 in 1902.


Class F-11A (Locobase 14569)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 20.

Locobase 14556 showed this class of freight Ten-wheelers as they were delivered in 1902. Before very long, six of the eight engines were given superheaters. Many such makeovers were confined to the boiler and this design is a good example of that practice. At the cost of only one ton of adhesion weight, the F-11s sacrificed 160 of their tubes (nearly half of the original total) for 24 flues and their associated elements. This represented a more than 10% drop in combined heating surface area, but a gain in the provision of drier, more powerful steam.


Class F-12 (Locobase 9476)

Data from Angus Sinclair (ed),Railway and Locomotive Engineering, March 1903, p. 121. See also "Ten-wheel Engine for the Rutland," Railway & Locomotive Engineering, Vol (March 1903), p. 121. Schenectady works numbers were 26413-26414 (200-201) and 26574-26575, 26833-26835 (206-207, 210-211). Manchester's were 26414-26417 (202-205).

The 1946 roster archived at http://www.sover.net/~getty/Rosters/Rutland_1946.htm, last accessed 23 August 2008, shows a mixture of Manchester and Schenectady origins.

Piston valves had maximum travel of 6".


Class F-12A (Locobase 14570)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 22.

Like the F-11 conversions shown in Locobase 145 , the F-12 upgrade from the original saturated engines (Locobase 9476) was confined to the boiler, where 146 small tubes were sacrificed to make room for the moderately dry superheater installation. The 49 is shown in the diagram to have had 162 small tubes after the conversion.


Class F-12Ax (Locobase 14571)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 23.

This trial horse carried the Cole superheater in an early exploration of the concept. Locobase refers the reader to a detailed description of the Cole superheater at http://www.sdrm.org/faqs/boilers/page65.html . The principal features were two vertical headers in the smokebox and a pair of concentric tubes within each flue. The inner tube brought the steam from a header back to within 3 feet of the rear tubesheet, at which point it returned along the outer tube to a second header and then down to the cylinders.

The superheater installation was smaller and less effective than the Schmidt design and this was the only application on the Rutland. An early report on its service use came from Grant Hall, superintendent of motive power for the Canadian Pacific's divisions west of Fort William: "The Cole type is a constant trouble from leakage at Joints where small headers bolt to main header and can not be maintained tight for any length of time. In tightening them up, which is frequently done, the studs, which were enlarged from % to % inch, are strained, broken and pulled out from main header. When leaking, the flat face on main header as well as the grooved bed in the small headers are cut by steam leaks, necessitating plugging, etc., making it very costly to maintain, not saying anything about holding engine out of service or extra fuel consumption." ("Superheating", Railway Age Gazette, Vol XLV, No 2d, 24 June 1908, p. 322.)


Class F-14 (Locobase 14559)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 337. Works numbers were 3506, 3505 in 1891.


Class F-2J (Locobase 14576)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 17. Works numbers were 51564-51569 in 1912.


Class F-2K (Locobase 14577)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 18. Works numbers were 47308-47311 in 1910.

The Rutland bored out the 22" cylinders to 22 1/2" soon after delivery. Delivered with saturated boilers, the four engines received superheaters beginning in August 1913 (70). 71 was next in Nov 1917, followed by 72 in February 1920 and 73 in August. Walschaert radial valve gear replaced the Stephenson link motion in February and November 1917 (70-71) and February and August 1920 (72-73).

NB: The tube and flue counts are estimates derived as follows: the F-2J diagram on Page 17 (Locobase 14576) shows 225 two-inch tubes and 32 five-and -three/eighths tubes and gives an evaporative heating surface of 2,782.7 sq ft. The diagram for the F-2K gives the same counts for its boiler, but the data in the diagram

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class336 / F-158/251/420/ F-13F-11F-11AF-12
Locobase ID14,560 14,558 14,556 14,569 9476
RailroadOgdensburg & Lake Champlain (Rutland)St Lawrence & Adirondack (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class328510
Road Numbers336-338/490-492/2157-59/2060-20588-9/251-252/420-421/2153-2154/2063-2064212-13, 422-23, 482-85/2050-205750-55200-207, 210-211/2040-49/40-49
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built32810
BuilderRhode IslandSchenectadyAlco-SchenectadyRutlandAlco
Year18931898190219121902
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)14.6714.5014.8314.8314.83
Engine Wheelbase (ft)24.9125.8325.8325.8325.83
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59 0.56 0.57 0.57 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)47.0852.9556.4256.4256.25
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)82,200123,000130,000132,000118,000
Engine Weight (lbs)112,000161,000165,000168,000155,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)77,000104,800122,500122,500116,400
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)189,000265,800287,500290,500271,400
Tender Water Capacity (gals)33004500620062005900
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)810101010
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)4668727366
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)5761636369
Boiler Pressure (psi)140200200200200
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)19" x 24"20" x 28"21" x 26"21" x 26"20" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)18,08831,21330,94030,94025,623
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.54 3.94 4.20 4.27 4.61
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)152211184184178.85
Grate Area (sq ft)19.2030.3344.4944.4930
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)16012798304922882446
Superheating Surface (sq ft)418
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)16012798304927062446
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume203.28274.82292.53219.52258.73
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation26886066889888986000
Same as above plus superheater percentage26886066889810,2336000
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area21,28042,20036,80042,32035,770
Power L139877695799714,0438126
Power MT320.80413.77406.85703.62455.46

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassF-12AF-12AxF-14F-2JF-2K
Locobase ID14,570 14,571 14,559 14,576 14,577
RailroadRutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class51264
Road Numbers40, 42-43, 48-4945234-235/480-48/2155-56/2061-6274-7970-73
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built264
BuilderRutlandRutlandSchenectadySchenectadySchenectady
Year19131910189119121913
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonWalschaertSteph/Walsch
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)14.8314.8311.5015.8315.83
Engine Wheelbase (ft)25.8325.8321.5827.9627.96
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.57 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)56.1756.1746.1760.3360.33
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)117,000117,00091,000155,000159,100
Engine Weight (lbs)158,000157,000116,000211,000204,600
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)116,400116,40074,000104,800104,800
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)274,400273,400190,000315,800309,400
Tender Water Capacity (gals)59005900360075007500
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)9981212
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)6565518688
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)6969576969
Boiler Pressure (psi)200200160200200
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)20" x 26"20" x 26"18" x 24"22.5" x 26"22.5" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)25,62325,62318,55332,42932,429
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.57 4.57 4.90 4.78 4.91
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)198198137206203
Grate Area (sq ft)30.8030.8025.6058.1754.93
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)19062128165027882627
Superheating Surface (sq ft)375293582537
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)22812421165033703164
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume201.61225.09233.43233.01219.56
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation61606160409611,63410,986
Same as above plus superheater percentage71466899409613,61212,854
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area45,93644,35221,92048,20447,502
Power L115,25714,001502117,40816,291
Power MT862.46791.46364.93742.80677.22

Photos

Reference


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