Ogdensburg & Lake Champlain / Rutland / St Lawrence & Adirondack 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 336 / F-15 (Locobase 14560)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 337. Works numbers were 2983-2985 in 1893.


Class 8/251/420/ F-13 (Locobase 14558)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 333-334. Works numbers were 4932-4933 in 1898.

This pair of Ten-wheelers bore the heralds of several New York Central-related railroads. Starting on the StL&A, the engines were soon bought by the Central Vermont and later served the Rutland. Ultimately, they received the NYC's own F-13 designation.


Class F-11 (Locobase 14556)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 333-334. Works numbers were 26626-26627, 26576-26577, 26628-26631 in 1902.


Class F-11A (Locobase 14569)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 20.

Locobase 14556 showed this class of freight Ten-wheelers as they were delivered in 1902. Before very long, six of the eight engines were given superheaters. Many such makeovers were confined to the boiler and this design is a good example of that practice. At the cost of only one ton of adhesion weight, the F-11s sacrificed 160 of their tubes (nearly half of the original total) for 24 flues and their associated elements. This represented a more than 10% drop in combined heating surface area, but a gain in the provision of drier, more powerful steam.


Class F-12 (Locobase 9476)

Data from Angus Sinclair (ed),Railway and Locomotive Engineering, March 1903, p. 121. See also "Ten-wheel Engine for the Rutland," Railway & Locomotive Engineering, Vol (March 1903), p. 121. Schenectady works numbers were 26413-26414 (200-201) and 26574-26575, 26833-26835 (206-207, 210-211). Manchester's were 26414-26417 (202-205).

The 1946 roster archived at http://www.sover.net/~getty/Rosters/Rutland_1946.htm, last accessed 23 August 2008, shows a mixture of Manchester and Schenectady origins.

Piston valves had maximum travel of 6".


Class F-12A (Locobase 14570)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 22.

Like the F-11 conversions shown in Locobase 145 , the F-12 upgrade from the original saturated engines (Locobase 9476) was confined to the boiler, where 146 small tubes were sacrificed to make room for the moderately dry superheater installation. The 49 is shown in the diagram to have had 162 small tubes after the conversion.


Class F-12Ax (Locobase 14571)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 23.

This trial horse carried the Cole superheater in an early exploration of the concept. Locobase refers the reader to a detailed description of the Cole superheater at http://www.sdrm.org/faqs/boilers/page65.html . The principal features were two vertical headers in the smokebox and a pair of concentric tubes within each flue. The inner tube brought the steam from a header back to within 3 feet of the rear tubesheet, at which point it returned along the outer tube to a second header and then down to the cylinders.

The superheater installation was smaller and less effective than the Schmidt design and this was the only application on the Rutland. An early report on its service use came from Grant Hall, superintendent of motive power for the Canadian Pacific's divisions west of Fort William: "The Cole type is a constant trouble from leakage at Joints where small headers bolt to main header and can not be maintained tight for any length of time. In tightening them up, which is frequently done, the studs, which were enlarged from % to % inch, are strained, broken and pulled out from main header. When leaking, the flat face on main header as well as the grooved bed in the small headers are cut by steam leaks, necessitating plugging, etc., making it very costly to maintain, not saying anything about holding engine out of service or extra fuel consumption." ("Superheating", Railway Age Gazette, Vol XLV, No 2d, 24 June 1908, p. 322.)


Class F-14 (Locobase 14559)

Data from Dimensions and Classifications of Locomotives of the NYC&HR et al, September 1905, p. 337. Works numbers were 3506, 3505 in 1891.


Class F-2J (Locobase 14576)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 17. Works numbers were 51564-51569 in 1912.


Class F-2K (Locobase 14577)

Data from 1925 Rutland Locomotive Diagram book digitized at Middlebury College in Vermont and made available on the Web at http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/vtbookspamp/id/19372/rec/10, p. 18. Works numbers were 47308-47311 in 1910.

The Rutland bored out the 22" cylinders to 22 1/2" soon after delivery. Delivered with saturated boilers, the four engines received superheaters beginning in August 1913 (70). 71 was next in Nov 1917, followed by 72 in February 1920 and 73 in August. Walschaert radial valve gear replaced the Stephenson link motion in February and November 1917 (70-71) and February and August 1920 (72-73).

NB: The tube and flue counts are estimates derived as follows: the F-2J diagram on Page 17 (Locobase 14576) shows 225 two-inch tubes and 32 five-and -three/eighths tubes and gives an evaporative heating surface of 2,782.7 sq ft. The diagram for the F-2K gives the same counts for its boiler, but the data in the diagram

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class336 / F-158/251/420/ F-13F-11F-11AF-12
Locobase ID14560 14558 14556 14569 9476
RailroadOgdensburg & Lake Champlain (Rutland)St Lawrence & Adirondack (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class328510
Road Numbers336-338/490-492/2157-59/2060-20588-9/251-252/420-421/2153-2154/2063-2064212-13, 422-23, 482-85/2050-205750-55200-207, 210-211/2040-49/40-49
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built32810
BuilderRhode IslandSchenectadyAlco-SchenectadyRutlandAlco
Year18931898190219121902
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.67'14.50'14.83'14.83'14.83'
Engine Wheelbase24.91'25.83'25.83'25.83'25.83'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.59 0.56 0.57 0.57 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)47.08'52.95'56.42'56.42'56.25'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers82200 lbs123000 lbs130000 lbs132000 lbs118000 lbs
Engine Weight112000 lbs161000 lbs165000 lbs168000 lbs155000 lbs
Tender Light Weight77000 lbs104800 lbs122500 lbs122500 lbs116400 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight189000 lbs265800 lbs287500 lbs290500 lbs271400 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3300 gals4500 gals6200 gals6200 gals5900 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)8 tons10 tons10 tons10 tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)46 lb/yard68 lb/yard72 lb/yard73 lb/yard66 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter57"61"63"63"69"
Boiler Pressure140 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)19" x 24"20" x 28"21" x 26"21" x 26"20" x 26"
Tractive Effort18088 lbs31213 lbs30940 lbs30940 lbs25623 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.54 3.94 4.20 4.27 4.61
Heating Ability
Firebox Area152 sq. ft211 sq. ft184 sq. ft184 sq. ft178.85 sq. ft
Grate Area19.20 sq. ft30.33 sq. ft44.49 sq. ft44.49 sq. ft30 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1601 sq. ft2798 sq. ft3049 sq. ft2288 sq. ft2446 sq. ft
Superheating Surface418 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface1601 sq. ft2798 sq. ft3049 sq. ft2706 sq. ft2446 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume203.28274.82292.53219.52258.73
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation26886066889888986000
Same as above plus superheater percentage268860668898102336000
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2128042200368004232035770
Power L1398776957997140438126
Power MT320.80413.77406.85703.62455.46

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassF-12AF-12AxF-14F-2JF-2K
Locobase ID14570 14571 14559 14576 14577
RailroadRutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)Rutland (Rutland)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class51264
Road Numbers40, 42-43, 48-4945234-235/480-48/2155-56/2061-6274-7970-73
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built264
BuilderRutlandRutlandSchenectadySchenectadySchenectady
Year19131910189119121913
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonWalschaertSteph/Walsch
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.83'14.83'11.50'15.83'15.83'
Engine Wheelbase25.83'25.83'21.58'27.96'27.96'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.57 0.57
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)56.17'56.17'46.17'60.33'60.33'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers117000 lbs117000 lbs91000 lbs155000 lbs159100 lbs
Engine Weight158000 lbs157000 lbs116000 lbs211000 lbs204600 lbs
Tender Light Weight116400 lbs116400 lbs74000 lbs104800 lbs104800 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight274400 lbs273400 lbs190000 lbs315800 lbs309400 lbs
Tender Water Capacity5900 gals5900 gals3600 gals7500 gals7500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)9 tons9 tons8 tons12 tons12 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)65 lb/yard65 lb/yard51 lb/yard86 lb/yard88 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter69"69"57"69"69"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi160 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 26"20" x 26"18" x 24"22.5" x 26"22.5" x 26"
Tractive Effort25623 lbs25623 lbs18553 lbs32429 lbs32429 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.57 4.57 4.90 4.78 4.91
Heating Ability
Firebox Area198 sq. ft198 sq. ft137 sq. ft206 sq. ft203 sq. ft
Grate Area30.80 sq. ft30.80 sq. ft25.60 sq. ft58.17 sq. ft54.93 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1906 sq. ft2128 sq. ft1650 sq. ft2788 sq. ft2627 sq. ft
Superheating Surface375 sq. ft293 sq. ft582 sq. ft537 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface2281 sq. ft2421 sq. ft1650 sq. ft3370 sq. ft3164 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume201.61225.09233.43233.01219.56
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation6160616040961163410986
Same as above plus superheater percentage7146689940961361212854
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area4593644352219204820447502
Power L1152571400150211740816291
Power MT862.46791.46364.93742.80677.22

Photos

Reference


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