Virginia & Carolina Southern 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 27 (Locobase 14071)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 45, p. 191. See also Richard Smith, "Across the Mountain and Back Again", Washington County News [Abingdon, Va] (22 July 1965) archived at http://vacreepertrail.us/vacreeper/ . Works number was 33389 in April 1909.

Hassinger Lumber Co built a 7-mile spur southwest from its mill in Konnarock, Va in 1907 to Damascus, where it connected with the Virginia-Carolina,.This Ten-wheeler was bought in early 1909 to serve that branch.

The V-C was a longer road that ran down from Abingdon ( a few miles north of the North Carolina border) 75 miles southeast over the Blue Ridge Mountains to Elkland, NC. Its slow-paced passenger trains earned their nickname as the "Virginia Creeper". See Richard Smith's evocative article cited above.

V-C later absorbed the V & CS and the combined railroad was taken into the Norfolk & Western in 1918 as the Abingdon Branch.


Class 29 (Locobase 14148)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 48, p.264. Baldwin works numbers were 40314 in August 1913.

The V&CS, which never actually approached Virginia, was chartered in January 1907. It was a 64 mile North Carolina road south of Fayetteville and north of Wilmington whose main line consisted of the 25.2 miles north out of Lumberton to Hope Mills. Just about halfway between those two towns began a longer branch between St. Pauls southeast to Elizabethtown.

The Lumberton to St Paul section opened in December 1907 with the northern extension to Hope Mills completing in June 1909; the St Pauls-Elizabethtown branch was competed in May 1911.

The V&CS was leased in 1922 by the Atlantic Coast Line.


Class 30 (Locobase 14598)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 59, p.393. Baldwin works number was 53161 in April 1920.

The V&CS returned to Baldwin for another Ten-wheeler in which the principal difference was the adoption of a larger grate. A locomotive of modest operating ambition, the 30 used balanced slide valves, had no superheater, and weighed 63 tons fully loaded.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class272930
Locobase ID14,071 14,148 14,598
RailroadVirginia & Carolina SouthernVirginia & Carolina SouthernVirginia & Carolina Southern
CountryUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class111
Road Numbers272930
GaugeStdStdStd
Number Built111
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBaldwinBaldwin
Year190919131920
Valve GearStephensonWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)12.5011.3311.33
Engine Wheelbase (ft)22.6522.1722.17
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.55 0.51 0.51
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)4649.5252.79
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)66,50098,00098,000
Engine Weight (lbs)91,500126,000126,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)60,000120,000120,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)151,500246,000246,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)300060006000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)1010
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)375454
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)545757
Boiler Pressure (psi)180185185
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)15" x 24"18" x 26"18" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)15,30023,24023,240
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.35 4.22 4.22
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)79.20139143
Grate Area (sq ft)14.3022.2028
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)93417041709
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)93417041709
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume190.27222.52223.18
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation257441075180
Same as above plus superheater percentage257441075180
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area14,25625,71526,455
Power L1438955065563
Power MT436.51371.59375.44