Virginia & Carolina Southern 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 27 (Locobase 14071)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 45, p. 191. See also Richard Smith, "Across the Mountain and Back Again", Washington County News [Abingdon, Va] (22 July 1965) archived at http://vacreepertrail.us/vacreeper/ . Works number was 33389 in April 1909.

Hassinger Lumber Co built a 7-mile spur southwest from its mill in Konnarock, Va in 1907 to Damascus, where it connected with the Virginia-Carolina,.This Ten-wheeler was bought in early 1909 to serve that branch.

The V-C was a longer road that ran down from Abingdon ( a few miles north of the North Carolina border) 75 miles southeast over the Blue Ridge Mountains to Elkland, NC. Its slow-paced passenger trains earned their nickname as the "Virginia Creeper". See Richard Smith's evocative article cited above.

V-C later absorbed the V & CS and the combined railroad was taken into the Norfolk & Western in 1918 as the Abingdon Branch.


Class 29 (Locobase 14148)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 48, p.264. Baldwin works numbers were 40314 in August 1913.

The V&CS, which never actually approached Virginia, was chartered in January 1907. It was a 64 mile North Carolina road south of Fayetteville and north of Wilmington whose main line consisted of the 25.2 miles north out of Lumberton to Hope Mills. Just about halfway between those two towns began a longer branch between St. Pauls southeast to Elizabethtown.

The Lumberton to St Paul section opened in December 1907 with the northern extension to Hope Mills completing in June 1909; the St Pauls-Elizabethtown branch was competed in May 1911.

The V&CS was leased in 1922 by the Atlantic Coast Line.


Class 30 (Locobase 14598)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 59, p.393. Baldwin works number was 53161 in April 1920.

The V&CS returned to Baldwin for another Ten-wheeler in which the principal difference was the adoption of a larger grate. A locomotive of modest operating ambition, the 30 used balanced slide valves, had no superheater, and weighed 63 tons fully loaded.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class272930
Locobase ID14071 14148 14598
RailroadVirginia & Carolina SouthernVirginia & Carolina SouthernVirginia & Carolina Southern
CountryUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class111
Road Numbers272930
GaugeStdStdStd
Number Built111
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBaldwinBaldwin
Year190919131920
Valve GearStephensonWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase12.50'11.33'11.33'
Engine Wheelbase22.65'22.17'22.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.55 0.51 0.51
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)46'49.52'52.79'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers66500 lbs98000 lbs98000 lbs
Engine Weight91500 lbs126000 lbs126000 lbs
Tender Light Weight60000 lbs120000 lbs120000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight151500 lbs246000 lbs246000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3000 gals6000 gals6000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)37 lb/yard54 lb/yard54 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter54"57"57"
Boiler Pressure180 psi185 psi185 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)15" x 24"18" x 26"18" x 26"
Tractive Effort15300 lbs23240 lbs23240 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.35 4.22 4.22
Heating Ability
Firebox Area79.20 sq. ft139 sq. ft143 sq. ft
Grate Area14.30 sq. ft22.20 sq. ft28 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface934 sq. ft1704 sq. ft1709 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface934 sq. ft1704 sq. ft1709 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume190.27222.52223.18
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation257441075180
Same as above plus superheater percentage257441075180
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area142562571526455
Power L1438955065563
Power MT436.51371.59375.44


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