Hassinger Lumber Co built a 7-mile spur southwest from its mill in Konnarock, Va in 1907 to Damascus, where it connected with the Virginia-Carolina,.This Ten-wheeler was bought in early 1909 to serve that branch.
The V-C was a longer road that ran down from Abingdon ( a few miles north of the North Carolina border) 75 miles southeast over the Blue Ridge Mountains to Elkland, NC. Its slow-paced passenger trains earned their nickname as the "Virginia Creeper". See Richard Smith's evocative article cited above.
V-C later absorbed the V & CS and the combined railroad was taken into the Norfolk & Western in 1918 as the Abingdon Branch.
The V&CS, which never actually approached Virginia, was chartered in January 1907. It was a 64 mile North Carolina road south of Fayetteville and north of Wilmington whose main line consisted of the 25.2 miles north out of Lumberton to Hope Mills. Just about halfway between those two towns began a longer branch between St. Pauls southeast to Elizabethtown.
The Lumberton to St Paul section opened in December 1907 with the northern extension to Hope Mills completing in June 1909; the St Pauls-Elizabethtown branch was competed in May 1911.
The V&CS was leased in 1922 by the Atlantic Coast Line.
The V&CS returned to Baldwin for another Ten-wheeler in which the principal difference was the adoption of a larger grate. A locomotive of modest operating ambition, the 30 used balanced slide valves, had no superheater, and weighed 63 tons fully loaded.
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Virginia & Carolina Southern||Virginia & Carolina Southern||Virginia & Carolina Southern|
|Number in Class||1||1||1|
|Builder||Burnham, Williams & Co||Baldwin||Baldwin|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Driver Wheelbase (ft)||12.50||11.33||11.33|
|Engine Wheelbase (ft)||22.65||22.17||22.17|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.55||0.51||0.51|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)||46||49.52||52.79|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)|
|Weight on Drivers (lbs)||66,500||98,000||98,000|
|Engine Weight (lbs)||91,500||126,000||126,000|
|Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)||60,000||120,000||120,000|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)||151,500||246,000||246,000|
|Tender Water Capacity (gals)||3000||6000||6000|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)||10||10|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)||37||54||54|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Driver Diameter (in)||54||57||57|
|Boiler Pressure (psi)||180||185||185|
|High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)||15" x 24"||18" x 26"||18" x 26"|
|Tractive Effort (lbs)||15,300||23,240||23,240|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||4.35||4.22||4.22|
|Firebox Area (sq ft)||79.20||139||143|
|Grate Area (sq ft)||14.30||22.20||28|
|Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)||934||1704||1709|
|Superheating Surface (sq ft)|
|Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)||934||1704||1709|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||190.27||222.52||223.18|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||2574||4107||5180|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||2574||4107||5180|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||14,256||25,715||26,455|