Wheeling & Lake Erie 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class G-1 (Locobase 14137)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were


Class G-2 - 583 (Locobase 7890)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The builder's numbers for this batch of freight Ten-wheelers ran from 2091-2092. Compared to the Cooke engines of the same year (Locobase 7889), these were larger Ten-wheelers with much smaller drivers. The firebox rode over the rear axle and the steam dome was set further forward. Notice, too, the short wheelbase.


Class G-2 - 589 (Locobase 7889)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The builder's numbers for this batch of freight Ten-wheelers ran from 2091-2092. This pair of Ten-wheelers (which Locobase suspects originally formed part of a larger class) had a classic early '90s design. The steam dome sat over the firebox crown. Uneven driver spacing showed the firebox set between the rear two axles, which were 3 ft 4" further apart than the front two driving axles. A sharply tapered boiler led forward to a slender first course, which had the sand dome over the front two axles.


Class G-4 (Locobase 7885)

Data from "Wheeling & Lake Erie Ten-Wheelers", Locomotive Engineering, Volume 9, No 6 (June 1896), p. 456. See also W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 2327-2331 in March 1896, 2332-2336 in April.

Contrary to Locobase's original assessment years before, later comparisons show that these freight Ten-wheelers were relatively large for their day and had boilers, fireboxes, and grates well-matched to their considerable cylinder volume. Wheeling's later diagrams show firebox heating surface area at 163 sq ft (15.14 sq m).

633 was sold in 1917 and 636 was scrapped in December of that year. The rest were renumbered 2110-2107 in 1920. 2111-2113 were scrapped in June 1923, 2114-2115 in April and September 1926, and 2110, 2116-2117 closed the book with their dismantlings in May 1928.


Class G-5 (Locobase 7886)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG-1G-2 - 583G-2 - 589G-4G-5
Locobase ID14137 7890 7889 7885 7886
RailroadWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake Erie
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class25281
Road Numbers1807-1808583-587 / 1952-1954589-590 / 1809-181091-100/161-170/630-639/2110-21172751
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built252101
BuilderPittsburghPittsburghCookeCookeBrooks
Year18901893189318961899
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase13.33'10.17'13.67'11'15'
Engine Wheelbase23.29'20.50'23.87'21.54'25.50'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.50 0.57 0.51 0.59
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)46.42'46.25'46.42'47.67'52.77'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers71300 lbs79800 lbs85000 lbs94200 lbs118000 lbs
Engine Weight98200 lbs104900 lbs116000 lbs120800 lbs158000 lbs
Tender Light Weight66400 lbs66100 lbs71100 lbs81400 lbs104600 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight164600 lbs171000 lbs187100 lbs202200 lbs262600 lbs
Tender Water Capacity3070 gals3000 gals3250 gals3750 gals5000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)7.6 tons7.4 tons6.5 tons8.6 tons11 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)40 lb/yard44 lb/yard47 lb/yard52 lb/yard66 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter50"50"56"56"63"
Boiler Pressure155 psi150 psi155 psi150 psi180 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)17" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"19" x 26"19.5" x 30"
Tractive Effort18276 lbs19829 lbs18294 lbs21370 lbs27704 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.90 4.02 4.65 4.41 4.26
Heating Ability
Firebox Area120 sq. ft135 sq. ft119 sq. ft154 sq. ft202 sq. ft
Grate Area17 sq. ft22.70 sq. ft16.80 sq. ft25.30 sq. ft32.50 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1227 sq. ft1377 sq. ft1322 sq. ft1727 sq. ft2159 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1227 sq. ft1377 sq. ft1322 sq. ft1727 sq. ft2159 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume194.61194.81187.02202.41208.20
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation26353405260437955850
Same as above plus superheater percentage26353405260437955850
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area1860020250184452310036360
Power L137433629392340975776
Power MT347.20300.77305.25287.65323.74

Reference


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