Wheeling & Lake Erie 4-6-0 "Ten-wheeler" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class G-1 (Locobase 14137)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were


Class G-2 - 583 (Locobase 7890)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The builder's numbers for this batch of freight Ten-wheelers ran from 2091-2092. Compared to the Cooke engines of the same year (Locobase 7889), these were larger Ten-wheelers with much smaller drivers. The firebox rode over the rear axle and the steam dome was set further forward. Notice, too, the short wheelbase.


Class G-2 - 589 (Locobase 7889)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The builder's numbers for this batch of freight Ten-wheelers ran from 2091-2092. This pair of Ten-wheelers (which Locobase suspects originally formed part of a larger class) had a classic early '90s design. The steam dome sat over the firebox crown. Uneven driver spacing showed the firebox set between the rear two axles, which were 3 ft 4" further apart than the front two driving axles. A sharply tapered boiler led forward to a slender first course, which had the sand dome over the front two axles.


Class G-4 (Locobase 7885)

Data from "Wheeling & Lake Erie Ten-Wheelers", Locomotive Engineering, Volume 9, No 6 (June 1896), p. 456. See also W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 2327-2331 in March 1896, 2332-2336 in April.

Contrary to Locobase's original assessment years before, later comparisons show that these freight Ten-wheelers were relatively large for their day and had boilers, fireboxes, and grates well-matched to their considerable cylinder volume. Wheeling's later diagrams show firebox heating surface area at 163 sq ft (15.14 sq m).

633 was sold in 1917 and 636 was scrapped in December of that year. The rest were renumbered 2110-2107 in 1920. 2111-2113 were scrapped in June 1923, 2114-2115 in April and September 1926, and 2110, 2116-2117 closed the book with their dismantlings in May 1928.


Class G-5 (Locobase 7886)

Data from W&LE 8 - 1923 & 10 1924 Locomotive Diagram books supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassG-1G-2 - 583G-2 - 589G-4G-5
Locobase ID14,137 7890 7889 7885 7886
RailroadWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake ErieWheeling & Lake Erie
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte4-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-04-6-0
Number in Class25281
Road Numbers1807-1808583-587 / 1952-1954589-590 / 1809-181091-100/161-170/630-639/2110-21172751
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built252101
BuilderPittsburghPittsburghCookeCookeBrooks
Year18901893189318961899
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)13.3310.1713.671115
Engine Wheelbase (ft)23.2920.5023.8721.5425.50
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.57 0.50 0.57 0.51 0.59
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)46.4246.2546.4247.6752.77
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)71,30079,80085,00094,200118,000
Engine Weight (lbs)98,200104,900116,000120,800158,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)66,40066,10071,10081,400104,600
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)164,600171,000187,100202,200262,600
Tender Water Capacity (gals)30703000325037505000
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons) 7.60 7.40 6.50 8.6011
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)4044475266
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)5050565663
Boiler Pressure (psi)155150155150180
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)17" x 24"18" x 24"18" x 24"19" x 26"19.5" x 30"
Tractive Effort (lbs)18,27619,82918,29421,37027,704
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.90 4.02 4.65 4.41 4.26
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)120135119154202
Grate Area (sq ft)1722.7016.8025.3032.50
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)12271377132217272159
Superheating Surface (sq ft)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)12271377132217272159
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume194.61194.81187.02202.41208.20
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation26353405260437955850
Same as above plus superheater percentage26353405260437955850
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area18,60020,25018,44523,10036,360
Power L137433629392340975776
Power MT347.20300.77305.25287.65323.74

Reference


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